[PATCH v2 0/8] An effort to bring DT bindings compliance within U-Boot

Sumit Garg sumit.garg at linaro.org
Fri Dec 22 07:12:00 CET 2023

Changes in v2:
- Patch #1: excluded gitab CI config check and added commit description.
- Patch #3: s/UBOOT_DTSI_LOC/u_boot_dtsi_loc/
- Patch #4: s/DEVICE_TREE_LOC/dt_dir/ and s/U-boot/U-Boot/
- Patch #5: s/U-boot/U-Boot/
- Patch #6 and #7: Picked up review tags


This patch series requires devicetree-rebasing git repo to be added as a
subtree to the main U-Boot repo via:

$ git subtree add --prefix devicetree-rebasing \
      git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/devicetree/devicetree-rebasing.git \
      v6.6-dts --squash


This effort started while I was reviewing patch series corresponding to
Qcom platforms [1] which was about to import modified devicetree source
files from Linux kernel. I suppose keeping devicetree files sync with
Linux kernel without any DT bindings schema validation has been a pain
for U-Boot SoC/platform maintainers. There has been past discussions
about a single DT repo but that hasn't come up and Linux kernel remained
the place where DT source files as well as bindings are placed and

However, Linux kernel DT maintainers proposed [2] for U-Boot to rather
use devicetree-rebasing repo [3] which is a forked copy from Linux
kernel for DT source files as well as bindings. It is tagged at every
Linux kernel major release or intermideate release candidates. So here I
have tried to reuse that to bring DT bingings compliance as well as a
standard way to maintain a regular sync of DT source files with Linux

In order to maintain devicetree files sync, U-Boot will maintains a Git
subtree for devicetee-rebasing repo as `devicetee-rebasing/` sub-directory.
It will be regularly updated with every new kernel major release via
subtree pull as follows:

$ git subtree pull --prefix devicetree-rebasing \
      git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/devicetree/devicetree-rebasing.git \
      <release-tag> --squash

The RFC/prototype for this series has been discussed with Linux DT
maintainers as well as U-Boot maintainers here [4]. Now we would like to
reach out to wider U-Boot community to seek feedback.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/all/CAFA6WYMLUD9cnkr=R0Uur+1UeTMkKjM2zDdMJtXb3nmrLk+pDg@mail.gmail.com/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/all/CAL_JsqKEjv2tSGmT+0ZiO7_qbBfhTycbGnhJhYpKDFzfO9jzDg@mail.gmail.com/
[3] https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/devicetree/devicetree-rebasing.git/
[4] https://github.com/u-boot/u-boot/pull/451


Traditionally, U-Boot placed copies of devicetree source files from Linux
kernel into `arch/<arch>/dts/<name>.dts`, which can be selected via:
SoC/board maintainers are encouraged to migrate to using mirrored copies
from `devicetree-rebasing/` into `dts/arch/<arch>/<vendor>` via:

An example have been shown for Amlogic meson-gxbb SoC and corresponding
derived boards via patch #7 and #8.

Devicetree bindings schema checks

With devicetee-rebasing Git subtree, the devicetree bindings are also
regularly synced with Linux kernel as `devicetree-rebasing/Bindings/`
sub-directory. This allows U-Boot to run devicetree bindings schema checks
which will bring compliance to U-Boot core/drivers regarding usage of


The DT schema project must be installed in order to validate the DT schema
binding documents and validate DTS files using the DT schema. The DT schema
project can be installed with pip:

$ pip3 install dtschema

Note that 'dtschema' installation requires 'swig' and Python development
files installed first. On Debian/Ubuntu systems:

$ apt install swig python3-dev

Several executables (dt-doc-validate, dt-mk-schema, dt-validate) will be
installed. Ensure they are in your PATH (~/.local/bin by default).

Recommended is also to install yamllint (used by dtschema when present).

Running checks

In order to perform validation of DTB files, use the ``dtbs_check`` target:

$ make dtbs_check

It is also possible to run checks with a subset of matching schema files by
setting the ``DT_SCHEMA_FILES`` variable to 1 or more specific schema files
or patterns (partial match of a fixed string). Each file or pattern should
be separated by ':'.

$ make dtbs_check DT_SCHEMA_FILES=trivial-devices.yaml:rtc.yaml
$ make dtbs_check DT_SCHEMA_FILES=/gpio/
$ make dtbs_check DT_SCHEMA_FILES=trivial-devices.yaml

Sumit Garg (8):
  CI: Exclude devicetree-rebasing subtree for CONFIG checks
  Makefile: Add support for DT bindings schema checks
  scripts/Makefile.lib: Statically define *-u-boot.dtsi files location
  dts: Add alternative location for upstream DTB builds
  doc: devicetree: Updates for devicetree-rebasing subtree
  MAINTAINERS: Add myself as devicetree-rebasing maintainer
  dts: meson-gxbb: Switch to using upstream DT
  dts: meson-gxbb: Drop redundant devicetree files

 .azure-pipelines.yml                    |   3 +-
 .gitlab-ci.yml                          |   3 +-
 MAINTAINERS                             |   6 +
 Makefile                                |  20 +-
 arch/arm/dts/Makefile                   |   8 -
 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-kii-pro.dts     | 140 ----
 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-nanopi-k2.dts   | 415 ------------
 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-odroidc2.dts    | 418 ------------
 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-p200.dts        | 100 ---
 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-p201.dts        |  26 -
 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-p20x.dtsi       | 250 -------
 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-wetek-hub.dts   |  58 --
 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-wetek-play2.dts | 119 ----
 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-wetek.dtsi      | 292 --------
 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb.dtsi            | 856 ------------------------
 configs/nanopi-k2_defconfig             |   3 +-
 configs/odroid-c2_defconfig             |   3 +-
 configs/p200_defconfig                  |   3 +-
 configs/p201_defconfig                  |   3 +-
 configs/videostrong-kii-pro_defconfig   |   3 +-
 configs/wetek-hub_defconfig             |   3 +-
 configs/wetek-play2_defconfig           |   3 +-
 doc/develop/devicetree/control.rst      | 108 ++-
 dts/Kconfig                             |  11 +
 dts/Makefile                            |  17 +-
 dts/arch/arm64/Makefile                 |  23 +
 dts/arch/arm64/amlogic                  |   1 +
 scripts/Makefile.lib                    |  42 +-
 28 files changed, 206 insertions(+), 2731 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-kii-pro.dts
 delete mode 100644 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-nanopi-k2.dts
 delete mode 100644 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-odroidc2.dts
 delete mode 100644 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-p200.dts
 delete mode 100644 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-p201.dts
 delete mode 100644 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-p20x.dtsi
 delete mode 100644 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-wetek-hub.dts
 delete mode 100644 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-wetek-play2.dts
 delete mode 100644 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb-wetek.dtsi
 delete mode 100644 arch/arm/dts/meson-gxbb.dtsi
 create mode 100644 dts/arch/arm64/Makefile
 create mode 120000 dts/arch/arm64/amlogic


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