[U-Boot-Users] RFA & Update: Using libfdt in u-boot for fdt command

Jerry Van Baren gerald.vanbaren at comcast.net
Fri Mar 2 06:25:17 CET 2007

David Gibson wrote:
> On Thu, Mar 01, 2007 at 11:08:38PM -0500, Jerry Van Baren wrote:


>> to give me a pointer to the node name for node tags and property name 
>> for property tags.  Now that I have it working, it would be trivial to 
>> change the calls to _fdt_next_tag() to instead call fdt_next_tag() 
>> passing NULL for the new fourth parameter **namep. ;-)
>> The reason I need it, I'm printing an unknown tree by stepping through 
>> the tree discovering the node and property names.  I need to have 
>> fdt_next_tag() return the *name* of the node/property as well as the tag 
>> so that I can print and indent for nodes or look up the property value 
>> and print the name=value combination.
> Hrm.  And it returns NULL for tags without a name?

I was unable to generate a tag without a name using dtc (other than the 
root node).  It should/would return null, which would be a problem. :-/

> That might be a useful extension for the next_tag function.  The one
> thing I'm concerned about is who's responsible for verifying the name
> pointer.  I'm trying to keep libfdt robust enough that evern if
> presented with a badly corrupt blob it will fail relatively
> gracefully.  Ideally, no matter what it's presented with, it will
> always return at worst FDT_ERR_BADSTRUCTURE rather than crashing and
> will under no circumstances access memory outside the given blob
> size.


>> Oh gaak!  What I hear you saying... if you have node a with subnode b 
>> and property b, subnode b has a property c:
>> /a     => node
>> /a/b   => node
>> /a/b   => property (inside node a)
>> /a/b/c => property (inside node b)
> Well, yes.  Except that in OF and derived terminology, properties are
> *never* referred to by path in this way.  It's always:
> 	"property 'fred' of node /foo/bar/baz"

I'm coming from a human interface syntax point of view and assumed that 
the human interface is paths like linux where the last item is a 
directory or file with the computer guessing what you really meant 
(which _isn't_ ambiguous in file/dir paths).  Is there a better syntax 
for distinguishing between node paths and properties?

>> Where I am right now is I created a new function fdt_fullpath_offset:
>> int fdt_fullpath_offset(const void *fdt, const char *path, char **prop);
>> which will return the _node_ /a/b in the gaak illustration above.  It 
>> looks up nodes until it either runs out of path to look up or there is 
>> an error.  On a lookup error, it tries again with the last part of the 
>> path used as a property name.  As a result, if you pass in /a it will 
>> return the node "a", if you pass in /a/b it will return the _node_ "b". 
>>   This is unchanged behavior compared to fdt_path_offset().  (Getting 
>> property "b" is unchanged: you would have to look up node /a with either 
>> fdt_fullpath_offset(... "/a" ...) or fdt_path_offset(... "/a" ...) and 
>> then use that offset with fdt_property() to get the property "b".)
> I really don't like this idea much.  I don't think it's sufficiently
> useful to justify the increased implementation complexity and semantic
> confusion.

But that is the human notation, or am I making incorrect assumptions? 
I'm new to OF and fdt notation.


FWIIW, this is what I have running in u-boot...

  * Ugly ugly ugly tree for testing.
/ {
         model = "gaak";
         compatible = "notlikely";
         #address-cells = <1>;
         #size-cells = <1>;
         linux,phandle = <100>;

         ugly = "first level property ugly";
         ugly {
                 ugly {
                         ugly = "third level property ugly";
/**** dtc doesn't allow having a property after a node
                 ugly = "second level property ugly";
/**** dtc doesn't allow an anonymous node other than the root one?
                 ugly = "ugly property in anonymous node";
u-boot "fdt" output
=> fdt print /
/ {
         ugly="first level property ugly"
         ugly {
                 ugly {
                         ugly="third level property ugly"
=> fdt print /ugly
ugly {
         ugly {
                 ugly="third level property ugly"
=> fdt get /ugly
/ugly="first level property ugly"

Oops, I forgot to print the semicolons on the tree dump.  Something to 
fix tomorrow^W later today.

Best regards,

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