[U-Boot] ns16550: tegra: Specify debugging serial port at boot.

Graeme Russ graeme.russ at gmail.com
Fri Mar 9 00:26:12 CET 2012

Hi Stephen, Wolfgang,

On Fri, Mar 9, 2012 at 8:43 AM, Stephen Warren <swarren at wwwdotorg.org> wrote:
> On 03/08/2012 02:29 PM, Wolfgang Denk wrote:
>> Dear Stephen,
>> In message <4F590B25.8090503 at wwwdotorg.org> you wrote:
>>>> I don't like to see such highly architecture specific stuff in common
>>>> code, especially if it's such a dirty hack like this.
>>> Are there any hooks where we can do the same thing in SoC-specific code?
>> Not without additional trickery, but I think this is actually a good
>> thing.
>> The method implemented here is but a dirty hack, and should not be
>> used.

INIT_FUNC will resolve this issue long-term - Tegra can just put in:

int tegra_set_debug_port(void)
         * Put a 'D' in the scratchpad to let the kernel know which UART
         * for earlyprintk [D]ebugging.
        serial_out('D', &com_port->spr);

        return 0;
INIT_FUNC(set_debug_port, tegra_set_debug_port, *serial_init)

>>> The point of this information is to enable the kernel's earlyprintk
>>> support, which runs well before the device tree, or other mechanisms,
>>> are available.
>> Sorry, but I don't buy that this is the only possible way to do that.
>> Or how comes only tegra2 would need that, while all other SoCs and
>> architectures can do without it?
> First, OMAP does something very similar; the kernel low-level debug code
> looks at UART1's scratch pad register, and derives which UART to use
> based on the value stored there. If none of the expected values is
> found, it appears to default to UART1.
> On Tegra, the UART registers can't be read unless the UART is clocked
> and not in reset. So, the Tegra code looks at each UART in the system,
> and finds one that's in that state. To cater for the scenario where
> multiple UARTs are clocked-and-not-reset, the code also checks whether
> the UART scratch register contains 'D' ("D"ebug) so it's sure it picked
> the correct one.
> So, at leasst OMAP has set precedent here. There may be others; I didn't
> check.
> Some other SoCs may have only 1 UART and not need to auto-select.
> Some other SoCs with multiple UARTs may designate a single specific UART
> as the debug port rather than the board designer apparently randomly
> picking which one to use. In either of those cases, the kernel's
> low-level debug code can simply hard-code the UART address and do
> without the hand-shaking.

As far as I am aware, earlyprintk happens well before processing the kernel
command line so, IMHO, I don't consider setting up the hardware in order
for the kernel to get some low-level information which cannot be
provided by the command line as a hack. Reading the above, I actually think
it is quite elegant



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