[U-Boot] Proposal to add NAND-boot support for Sunxi SPL

Roy Spliet r.spliet at ultimaker.com
Fri May 22 09:04:36 CEST 2015


For my set-up I made use of Boris Brezillon's sunxi-nand tree[1], or 
actually I rebased his patches on top of 4.0rc7. This basically adds 
support for NAND-chip partitioning, ECC and randomisation. Docs for the 
DT specification in Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/sunxi-nand.txt 
, and an example can be found in 
arch/arm/boot/dts/sun7i-a20-cubietruck.dts . [2] lists the acceptable 
configuration options for the boot and boot_rescue partitions, make sure 
to pick one of these (which should be no problem for MLC-type nand). The 
ECC mode for these boot partitions is called hw_syndrome.

Assuming you now have a Linux set-up kernel based on this tree with NAND 
support on an MMC, for U-boot what you should currently do is:
1) in include/configs/sunxi-common.h, adjust the parameters 
chip and DT configuration.
2) Build
3) Use your MMC to flash u-boot-sunxi-with-spl.bin onto NAND:
# flash_erase /dev/mtd0
# nandwrite -p /dev/mtd0 u-boot-sunxi-with-spl.bin
4) Reboot without the MMC card and see U-boot load

That should be all.

@Alex: To answer your question specifically: It's likely that the 
parameters in sunxi-common.h mentioned above might not match your 
NAND-chip configuration in the Linux kernel. I can't tell you precisely 
how to fetch these details from the 3.4 kernel, sorry. I recall Daniel 
using 24-bit strength ECC with otherwise equal parameters, but perhaps 
he can help you with this better than I can.



[1] https://github.com/bbrezillon/linux-sunxi/commits/sunxi-nand
[2] https://linux-sunxi.org/NAND#More_information_on_BROM_NAND

Op 22-05-15 om 04:23 schreef kaplan2539 at gmail.com:
> Hi Roy,
> I could definitely use such a howto. I have applied the patches to the 
> current mainline u-boot head and try to boot my A13-OlinXino Wifi 
> board in FEL mode.
> I can compile and boot into u-boot via FEL. However, I get these 
> errors when I have CONFIG_SPL_NAND_SUPPORT defined:
> U-Boot SPL 2015.07-rc1-00276-g77792f9-dirty (May 21 2015 - 19:15:54)
> DRAM: 512 MiB
> Failed to set core voltage! Can't set CPU frequency
> sunxi board_nand_init()
> Nand initialised
> Error: 1 ECC failures detected
> Error: 512 ECC failures detected
> This is my configs/A13-OLinuXino_defconfig looks like this:
> CONFIG_FDTFILE="sun5i-a13-olinuxino.dtb"
> # For use with the Olimex 7" LCD module, adjust timings for other 
> displays
> # Set video-mode=sunxi:800x600-24 at 60,monitor=lcd in the env. to enable
> CONFIG_VIDEO_LCD_MODE="x:800,y:480,depth:18,pclk_khz:33000,le:16,ri:209,up:22,lo:22,hs:30,vs:1,sync:3,vmode:0"
> CONFIG_DEFAULT_DEVICE_TREE="sun5i-a13-olinuxino"
> I just found out in the sun5i-a13-olinuxino.dts file are no nand settings.
> I guess I can find the information in the linux-sunxi 3.4 kernels fex 
> file for the olinuxio and need to convert to dts, correct?
> I am happy about any hints / comments.
> Thanks
> Alex
> On Thursday, May 21, 2015 at 11:08:24 AM UTC-7, Hans de Goede wrote:
>     Hi Roy,
>     On 21-05-15 15:59, Roy Spliet wrote:
>     > The following patches take the work by Daniel Kochmánski, and
>     make some
>     > heavy modifications for readability and functionality, based on
>     Boris
>     > Brezillon's Linux driver. Tested on an Olimex Lime w/ A20.
>     > Patches are sent as RFC. Open questions:
>     > - Config options added are partially NAND-chip specific. Some
>     options can
>     > be autodetected based on the NAND ID, others require either
>     brute-forcing
>     > or config options like these. Do they belong in sunxi-common?
>     Should
>     > we make a Kconfig option for this? If bikeshedding is desired,
>     are defines
>     > in sunxi-common.h good enough for now?
>     > - Style is mostly kernel-like. Satisfied?
>     > - Daniel: do you think we can work from here?
>     >
>     > Please comment away!
>     Cool stuff. Overall this looks good I'll reply with more detailed
>     feedback
>     to your individual patches, 2 questions:
>     1) Can you provide a quick howto (at developer level) on how to
>     actually
>     get the spl and u-boot into the nand, what I'm looking for is
>     unstructions
>     like this:
>     a) Take this git repo + branch, build a kernel from it
>     b) Look at this dts file for a nand settings example, adjust it
>     for your board
>     c) Once booted into the kernel using an updated dts you should
>     have these
>     block devices, dd spl to this one, and u-boot to this one.
>     No more to go more detailed then that :)
>     2) What is the plan to add support for loading files from nand in
>     u-boot proper,
>     so that we can get (e.g.) extlinux.conf + kernel +dtb from a /boot
>     on nand ?
>     Regards,
>     Hans



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