(overlapping) lmb allocations during boot

Mark Kettenis mark.kettenis at xs4all.nl
Sun Oct 31 13:51:16 CET 2021

> Date: Sun, 31 Oct 2021 13:04:40 +0100
> From: Michael Walle <michael at walle.cc>
> Am 2021-10-31 12:44, schrieb Mark Kettenis:
> >> Date: Sun, 31 Oct 2021 11:43:38 +0100
> >> From: Michael Walle <michael at walle.cc>
> >> 
> >> Hi,
> >> 
> >> I sometimes see a corrupted initrd during kernel boot on my board
> >> (kontron_sl28). Debugging showed that in this case the spin table
> >> for the secondary CPUs overlaps with the lmb initrd allocations
> >> (initrd_high is set).
> >> 
> >> I had a look at how the fdt and initrd are relocated (if enabled). In
> >> summary, they use lmb_alloc() which will first add all available 
> >> memory
> >> and then carve out reserved regions. There are calls for arch
> >> (arch_lmb_reserve()) and board (board_lmb_reserve()) callbacks. The
> >> interesting thing is that, there is also code to carve out any
> >> reserved regions which were added to the fdt earlier
> >> (boot_fdt_add_mem_rsv_regions()). The problem here is, that the DT
> >> fixups,
> >> which might add the reserved regions are called just before jumping to
> >> linux. Thus both the allocation for the fdt (if fdt_high is set) and
> >> the ramdisk (if initrd_high is set) will ignore any reserved memory
> >> regions.
> >> 
> >> Unfortunately, I don't see any good way to fix this. You'd need all 
> >> the
> >> DT fixups before we can initialize the lmb. Also, I don't know if this
> >> will affect any other areas; probably I'm the only one, who reserves 
> >> an
> >> area which is outside of the u-boot code and data segment.
> >> 
> >> A hackish way would be to carve out the spin_table code in
> >> board_lmb_reserve(). But meh..
> > 
> > The spin table is embedded in the u-boot binary itself isn't it?  But
> > the memory occupied by the u-boot should already be reserved...
> Yes it is. As long as it doen't overlap with the 64k EFI code page.
> See below.

Yes, I saw the comment.  Which confuses me.  The overlap itself
shouldn't be a problem since both the spin table and the EFI runtime
code page should be preserved.  But I guess that the overlap causes
problems later on because attempting to reserve overlapping areas

> > Unless CONFIG_EFI_LOADER is defined.  Then it relocates the spin table
> > to memory allocated using efi_allocate_pages().  But that function
> > only looks at the EFI memory map to figure out what memory is
> > available.  So I suspect that it might hand out the same memory as
> > lmb_alloc().  It all looks a bit broken to me...
> Yes, that is actually my code ;) The kontron_sl28 is the only
> board which uses spin tables as far as I know. It doesn't support
> PSCI; at least if you don't load a bl31 TF-A. Therefore, for SMP
> it uses spin tables. The relocation code work arounds a problem
> with the reserved EFI code, see [1].
> And yes, it actually is broken. But so might be every code which
> is using the efi_allocate_pages(), no? LMB isn't global, but is
> just initialized at different places. Like before a linux kernel
> is booted or when you load a file (?). And everytime the whole
> memory is added, and then different regions are carved out (see
> above).

Right.  So it mostly works because U-Boot either ends up using a code
path where it uses LMB or a path where it ends up using the EFI memory
map, but never both.  Except if it hits your layerscape code.

I think the right way to solve this is to allocate the memory for the
spin table through some other means and use efi_add_memory_map() to
reserve that memory like what is done in board/raspberrypi/rpi/rpi.c.

Or don't relocate the spin table and fix the issue with overlapping



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