(overlapping) lmb allocations during boot

Michael Walle michael at walle.cc
Sun Oct 31 13:04:40 CET 2021

Am 2021-10-31 12:44, schrieb Mark Kettenis:
>> Date: Sun, 31 Oct 2021 11:43:38 +0100
>> From: Michael Walle <michael at walle.cc>
>> Hi,
>> I sometimes see a corrupted initrd during kernel boot on my board
>> (kontron_sl28). Debugging showed that in this case the spin table
>> for the secondary CPUs overlaps with the lmb initrd allocations
>> (initrd_high is set).
>> I had a look at how the fdt and initrd are relocated (if enabled). In
>> summary, they use lmb_alloc() which will first add all available 
>> memory
>> and then carve out reserved regions. There are calls for arch
>> (arch_lmb_reserve()) and board (board_lmb_reserve()) callbacks. The
>> interesting thing is that, there is also code to carve out any
>> reserved regions which were added to the fdt earlier
>> (boot_fdt_add_mem_rsv_regions()). The problem here is, that the DT
>> fixups,
>> which might add the reserved regions are called just before jumping to
>> linux. Thus both the allocation for the fdt (if fdt_high is set) and
>> the ramdisk (if initrd_high is set) will ignore any reserved memory
>> regions.
>> Unfortunately, I don't see any good way to fix this. You'd need all 
>> the
>> DT fixups before we can initialize the lmb. Also, I don't know if this
>> will affect any other areas; probably I'm the only one, who reserves 
>> an
>> area which is outside of the u-boot code and data segment.
>> A hackish way would be to carve out the spin_table code in
>> board_lmb_reserve(). But meh..
> The spin table is embedded in the u-boot binary itself isn't it?  But
> the memory occupied by the u-boot should already be reserved...

Yes it is. As long as it doen't overlap with the 64k EFI code page.
See below.

> Unless CONFIG_EFI_LOADER is defined.  Then it relocates the spin table
> to memory allocated using efi_allocate_pages().  But that function
> only looks at the EFI memory map to figure out what memory is
> available.  So I suspect that it might hand out the same memory as
> lmb_alloc().  It all looks a bit broken to me...

Yes, that is actually my code ;) The kontron_sl28 is the only
board which uses spin tables as far as I know. It doesn't support
PSCI; at least if you don't load a bl31 TF-A. Therefore, for SMP
it uses spin tables. The relocation code work arounds a problem
with the reserved EFI code, see [1].

And yes, it actually is broken. But so might be every code which
is using the efi_allocate_pages(), no? LMB isn't global, but is
just initialized at different places. Like before a linux kernel
is booted or when you load a file (?). And everytime the whole
memory is added, and then different regions are carved out (see

> Does your target end up with CONFIG_EFI_LOADER defined?

Yes ;)



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