ARM A53 and initial MMU mapping for EL0/1/2/3 ?

Joakim Tjernlund Joakim.Tjernlund at
Wed Feb 9 19:07:24 CET 2022

On Wed, 2022-02-09 at 13:13 +0000, Andre Przywara wrote:
> On Wed,  9 Feb 2022 14:05:57 +0100
> Michael Walle <michael at> wrote:
> Hi,
> > > > The problem I have is that I boot a custom SOC into u-boot and when u-boot tries
> > > > to boot linux I get an error exception when u-boot calls armv8_switch_to_el2 to enter linux.  
> > > 
> > > So that means that U-Boot runs in EL3, is that the first and only firmware
> > > that you run? I think the EL3 part of U-Boot is not widely used and tested
> > > beyond the very few platforms that use it.  
> > 
> > FWIW, the u-boot on the kontron_sl28 (which is a A72 core) is running
> > in EL3. But it's a layerscape so it might be worth looking in
> > arch/arm/cpu/armv8/fsl-layerscale/ if there is anything special.
> Thanks Michael, that's what I meant: the generic EL3 code in
> arch/arm/cpu/armv8 might depend on more platform specific code to make it
> work.

Thanks guys, will look at these boards. 
I have learnt that EL2 state in our design may be broken so I started to look at going directly to EL1
instead, is that a bad idea?

In u-boot I find:

static void switch_to_el1(void)
	    (images.os.arch == IH_ARCH_ARM))
		armv8_switch_to_el1(0, (u64)gd->bd->bi_arch_number,
				    (u64)images.ft_addr, 0,
		armv8_switch_to_el1((u64)images.ft_addr, 0, 0, 0,
		armv8_switch_to_el2((u64)images->ft_addr, 0, 0, 0,
				    (u64)switch_to_el1, ES_TO_AARCH64);

which looks promising but when I look closer I see that this seems to do:
EL3 -> EL1 -> EL2 
Really? What is the point ? Looks like I need to hack something myself to go EL3->EL1
or am I missing something ?


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