[PATCH 2/2] ARM: at91: sama7g5: Reset external devices at software reset

Tudor Ambarus tudor.ambarus at microchip.com
Fri Feb 25 09:13:57 CET 2022

sama7g5 and other SoCs (sama5d3, sam9x60) define in the Reset Controller
a RSTC_CR.EXTRST bit that asserts the nrst_out pin which resets external

This is particular useful for external devices that are configured in
stateful modes which can not be undone without reconfiguring the device
or without resetting the device. An example is an SPI NOR flash that is
configured in octal mode. The do_reset u-boot cmd does not call any
driver's remove method, but merely resets the CPU. As the code was, this
left the flash in octal mode, being impossible for the first stage boot
loaders to recover/identify the flash after a "software reset".
RSTC_CR.EXTRST comes in handy here, as it can be set at "software reset"
to assert low the nrst_out pin during a time defined by the RSTC_MR.ERSTL
field and reset the external devices (including the SPI NOR flash in the
nrst_out is always asserted at "user reset" and it resets the external
devices correctly. Asserting nrst_out at "software reset" should behave
in a similar way. The only difference that I could find between the two
types of resets in regards to the nrst_out signal, is that at "user reset"
timing diagram the "Processor and Peripherals Reset Line" rises after six
MD_SLCK cycles after the nrst_out line rose, while at the "software reset"
timing diagram the "Processor and Peripherals Reset Line" is active for
3 MD_SLCK cycles + 2 MCK cycles. In other words, in the "software reset"
case the nrst_out signal can be active for a longer period of time than the
"Processor and Peripherals Reset Line" active time, depending on the
Using the default value (zero) for RSTC_MR.ERSTL, worked just fine for the
sama7g5 case. Tested QSPI0 and GMAC0/GMAC1 on sama7g5ek rev 4 after a
software reset with RSTC_CR.EXTRST=1 and RSTC_MR.ERSTL=0.

Signed-off-by: Tudor Ambarus <tudor.ambarus at microchip.com>
 arch/arm/mach-at91/Kconfig | 1 +
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm/mach-at91/Kconfig b/arch/arm/mach-at91/Kconfig
index ecc4da3797..68ab02a8cc 100644
--- a/arch/arm/mach-at91/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm/mach-at91/Kconfig
@@ -50,6 +50,7 @@ config SAM9X60
 config SAMA7G5
 	select CPU_V7A
 config SAMA5D2

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