[EXT] [PATCH] mtd: mxs_nand: default to legacy bch and rename to modern bch option

Frieder Schrempf frieder.schrempf at kontron.de
Thu Mar 17 14:24:58 CET 2022

Hi Stefano,

this old patch was delegated to you in patchwork. If you're not the
correct maintainer to address, please let me know. As the NAND layer
seems to be unmaintained at the moment, I'm not sure whom to ask.

This patch fixes a regression that was introduced by 616f03dabacb ("
mtd: gpmi: change the BCH layout setting for large oob NAND") which
alters the BCH layout in a way that doesn't match with the
implementation in the Linux kernel.

This causes failures when loading an UBI image in U-Boot that was
flashed by Linux or vice versa (see [1]).

There has been an approach to fix this through an optional devicetree
property in 51cdf83eea ("mtd: gpmi: provide the option to use legacy bch
geometry"), but this is not acceptable. The "legacy" BCH layout
compatible with Linux should be used by default.

The approach to upstream the "new" layout to the kernel [2] seems to be
stalled and even if it would succeed, it would break systems that use an
old U-Boot and a new kernel, which is again not really acceptable in my

For the reasons above I would like to ask U-Boot maintainers to pick up
this patch.


[1] https://lists.denx.de/pipermail/u-boot/2022-March/477828.html

Am 20.05.21 um 11:09 schrieb Sean Nyekjaer:
> On 13/05/2021 22.02, han.xu wrote:
>> On 21/05/11 07:08AM, Sean Nyekjaer wrote:
>>> Caution: EXT Email
>>> On 11/05/2021 04.49, han.xu wrote:
>>>> On 21/05/10 12:00PM, Sean Nyekjaer wrote:
>>>>> Caution: EXT Email
>>>>> Linux kernel defaults to use legacy bch setting, this was creating a
>>>>> mismatch between U-boot and Linux default settings.
>>>> Kernel uses the NAND chip specified minimum ecc strength and steps by default
>>>> not the legacy bch setting, unless users enable it in DT file.
>>> Hi,
>>> Adding, mtd-list and Miquel
>>> With u-boot dtb:
>>> &gpmi {
>>>         pinctrl-names = "default";
>>>         pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_gpmi_nand1>;
>>>         compatible = "fsl,imx7d-gpmi-nand";
>>>         nand-on-flash-bbt;
>>>         status = "okay";
>>> };
>>> With linux dtb (mainline 5.10):
>>> &gpmi {
>>>         pinctrl-names = "default";
>>>         pinctrl-0 = <&pinctrl_gpmi_nand1>;
>>>         nand-on-flash-bbt;
>>>         status = "okay";
>>> };
>>> U-boot prior to commit 51cdf83eea selected 18 bit ECC, after that commit it selects 8 bits.
>>> With legacy option it selects 18.
>>> Linux is selecting 18 bits ;) So now we have a mismatch.
>>> I have been searching for the legacy option in the mainline kernel can't find it ;)
>>> Please show me where it is (is it in the NXP fork?)
>> You are right, it's only fixed in NXP fork, with kernel driver modification. We
>> prefer the current u-boot bch geometry, so I will send out a kernel patch to
>> make them align.
> Any progress on this?
> I see your patch in:
> https://eur04.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fsource.codeaurora.org%2Fexternal%2Fimx%2Flinux-imx%2Fcommit%2Fdrivers%2Fmtd%2Fnand%2Fraw%2Fgpmi-nand%3Fh%3Dimx_5.4.70_2.3.0%26id%3Dae980dccc6189956fab047958ad0a70ec4951439&data=04%7C01%7Cfrieder.schrempf%40kontron.de%7C275b7f11361e4fd3eb7e08d91b6f0e45%7C8c9d3c973fd941c8a2b1646f3942daf1%7C0%7C0%7C637570986066857865%7CUnknown%7CTWFpbGZsb3d8eyJWIjoiMC4wLjAwMDAiLCJQIjoiV2luMzIiLCJBTiI6Ik1haWwiLCJXVCI6Mn0%3D%7C1000&sdata=L4xAN9HDl68dmA%2FX6nnP%2Buqh6CUKTQZJeFWja5EvmPI%3D&reserved=0
> But I can't find the option for selecting legacy mode in the devicetree...
> /Sean

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