[PATCH V5 08/12] iot2050: Add script for signing artifacts

Simon Glass sjg at chromium.org
Tue Feb 7 16:28:47 CET 2023

Hi Jan,

On Mon, 6 Feb 2023 at 04:57, Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka at siemens.com> wrote:
> On 06.02.23 11:47, Jan Kiszka wrote:
> > On 04.02.23 23:26, Simon Glass wrote:
> >> Hi Jan,
> >>
> >> On Fri, 3 Feb 2023 at 23:35, Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka at siemens.com> wrote:
> >>>
> >>> On 03.02.23 19:51, Tom Rini wrote:
> >>>> On Fri, Feb 03, 2023 at 01:26:37PM +0100, Jan Kiszka wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>>> From: Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka at siemens.com>
> >>>>>
> >>>>> There are many ways to get a signed firmware for the IOT2050 devices,
> >>>>> namely for the parts under user-control. This script documents one way
> >>>>> of doing it, given a signing key. Augment the board documentation with
> >>>>> the required procedure around it.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Signed-off-by: Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka at siemens.com>
> >>>> [snip]
> >>>>> +# currently broken in upstream
> >>>>> +#source/tools/binman/binman replace -i flash.bin -f fit at 0x380000.fit fit at 0x380000
> >>>>> +dd if=fit at 0x380000.fit of=flash.bin bs=$((0x1000)) seek=$((0x380000/0x1000)) conv=notrunc
> >>>>
> >>>> Is that still a true comment?
> >>>>
> >>>
> >>> binman: Node '/fit at 0x380000/images/u-boot': Offset 0x0 (0) size 0xb8870
> >>> (755824) is outside the section '/fit at 0x380000' starting at 0x0 (0) of
> >>> size 0x400 (1024)
> >>>
> >>> And for the second call:
> >>>
> >>> binman: Node '/fit at 0x380000': Replacing sections is not implemented yet
> >>
> >> I sent a patch to implement that.
> >>
> >> I'm not quite sure if this resolves the first problem, too. If not,
> >> can you please provide a binman test for the case you need, or
> >> instructions on how to cause the failure?
> >
> > Instructions to reproduce are basically
> >  - apply this series
> >  - build flash.bin according to doc/board/siemens/iot2050.rst
> >  - drop the dd calls and activate binman in this signing script
> >  - run it
> >
> > But I'll try your patch ASAP on my setup.
> Still left with
> binman: Node '/fit at 0x380000/images/u-boot': Offset 0x0 (0) size 0xb8928
> (756008) is outside the section '/fit at 0x380000' starting at 0x0 (0) of
> size 0x400 (1024)
> and
> binman: 'NoneType' object has no attribute 'props'
> That was for the second call of binman (source/tools/binman/binman
> replace -i flash.bin -f fit at 0x380000.fit fit at 0x380000). The "not
> implemented messages is gone.
> I've switched back to dd for the first call, but that did not work yet.
> So the message above indicates a relevant error.
> Jan

I thought I was able to follow all the steps (gosh, so many blobs) but
I got something different from the first 'binman' call in your script.

binman: Error 1 running 'mkimage -t -F
/tmp/binman.l_xl69mi/fit at 0x380000.fit': mkimage: verify_header failed
for FIT Image support with exit code 1

I will take a look at that...it is trying to rebuild the FIT and it
should not. It is another case of rebuilding sections that I didn't
think of.

But actually, you need to create a new entry type for your signing
scheme. It looks like the signature is created by openssl and (rather
than putting it in a separate file) it creates a new file containing
both the signature and the file contents. That is a bit of a pain, but
can be made to work.

Basically you need a new entry type (of which the FIT is a child) that
gets the contents of its child, signs it and returns that as the
contents. You can see vblock for an example, and
collection_contents_to_file(). Let me know if you want me to create an

The way it should work is that you run binman once (as part of the
U-Boot build) and it produces a final image. No messing about with
scripts, etc. In this case it looks like the key.pem file should be an
input to your new entry type.

Using binman replace to sign something later is fine, but it is not
the intended use. Binman is supposed to be a single-pass image

Since we get different results, I suggest pushing a tree somewhere, in
case something is different with the patches.


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