[U-Boot] [PATCH] ARM: socfpga: Clear PL310 early in SPL

Simon Goldschmidt simon.k.r.goldschmidt at gmail.com
Tue Feb 19 13:58:16 UTC 2019

Am Di., 19. Feb. 2019, 14:45 hat Marek Vasut <marex at denx.de> geschrieben:

> On 2/19/19 2:28 PM, Simon Goldschmidt wrote:
> > On Tue, Feb 19, 2019 at 1:53 PM Marek Vasut <marex at denx.de> wrote:
> >>
> >> On SoCFPGA Gen5 systems, it can rarely happen that a reboot from Linux
> >> will result in stale data in PL310 L2 cache controller. Even if the L2
> >> cache controller is disabled via the CTRL register CTRL_EN bit, those
> >> data can interfere with operation of devices using DMA, like e.g. the
> >> DWMMC controller. This can in turn cause e.g. SPL to fail reading data
> >> from SD/MMC.
> >>
> >> The obvious solution here would be to fully reset the L2 cache
> controller
> >> via the reset manager MPUMODRST L2 bit, however this causes bus hang
> even
> >> if executed entirely from L1 I-cache to avoid generating any bus traffic
> >> through the L2 cache controller.
> >>
> >> This patch thus configures and enables the L2 cache controller very
> early
> >> in the SPL boot process, clears the L2 cache and disables the L2 cache
> >> controller again.
> >>
> >> The reason for doing it in SPL is because we need to avoid accessing any
> >> of the potentially stale data in the L2 cache, and we are certain any of
> >> the stale data will be below the OCRAM address range. To further reduce
> >> bus traffic during the L2 cache invalidation, we enable L1 I-cache and
> >> run the invalidation code entirely out of the L1 I-cache.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Marek Vasut <marex at denx.de>
> >> Cc: Dalon Westergreen <dwesterg at gmail.com>
> >> Cc: Dinh Nguyen <dinguyen at kernel.org>
> >
> > We've tested this and it seems to fix the issue, so:
> >
> > Tested-by: Simon Goldschmidt <simon.k.r.goldschmidt at gmail.com>
> >
> > However, I don't really get why clearing the L2 cache later in U-Boot
> > isn't good enough.
> Because when U-Boot is running, it is already running from RAM, which is
> on different PL310 master than OCRAM, and you're likely to hit the
> corrupted cache lines on the DRAM master which is primed by prior Linux
> operation. Such cacheline can be hit between the code enabling the PL310
> and the code invalidating it, which is a C code, using stack and calling
> functions, thus accessing memory which would likely reside in different
> PL310 cachelines. If one of those cachelines contains invalid/corrupted
> data, they can be provided to the CPU before the cacheline is invalidated.
> To further reduce the likelihood of hitting any such cache line, the
> code which enables the PL310 and invalidates it runs from primed L1
> icache lines, thus generating no bus traffic at all.

Ah, right. I somehow didn't realize that invalidating is done after

> Also, wouldn't this affect other platforms as well?
> I had the same concern, however I suspect it might have to do with the
> reset implementation on SoCFPGA, which doesn't clear the L2CC, while
> reset implementations on other SoCs likely do clear the L2CC. I am
> however inquiring with Altera/Intel about this.

Ok, thanks for the explanation!


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