[U-Boot] [PATCH v9 05/15] riscv: generic: Ensure that U-Boot runs within 4GB for 64bit systems

Anup Patel Anup.Patel at wdc.com
Thu Feb 21 04:30:41 UTC 2019

On 64bit systems, the DRAM top can be easily beyond 4GB and U-Boot
DMA mapping APIs will generate DMA addresses beyond 4GB. This
breaks DMA programming in 32bit DMA capable devices (such as
Cadence MACB ethernet). For example, If DRAM is more then 2GB
on QEMU sifive_u machine then Cadence MACB ethernet stops working
for U-Boot because it is a 32bit DMA capable device.

To handle 32bit DMA capable devices on 64bit systems, we provide
custom implementation of board_get_usable_ram_top() which ensures
that usable ram top is not more then 4GB. This in-turn ensures
that U-Boot always runs within 4GB hence DMA addresses generated
by DMA mapping APIs will be within 4GB too.

Signed-off-by: Atish Patra <atish.patra at wdc.com>
Signed-off-by: Anup Patel <anup.patel at wdc.com>
Reviewed-by: Alexander Graf <agraf at suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Lukas Auer <lukas.auer at aisec.fraunhofer.de>
Reviewed-by: Bin Meng <bmeng.cn at gmail.com>
 arch/riscv/cpu/generic/dram.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/riscv/cpu/generic/dram.c b/arch/riscv/cpu/generic/dram.c
index 84d87d2a7f..b7b1207235 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/cpu/generic/dram.c
+++ b/arch/riscv/cpu/generic/dram.c
@@ -5,6 +5,9 @@
 #include <common.h>
 #include <fdtdec.h>
+#include <linux/sizes.h>
 int dram_init(void)
@@ -15,3 +18,20 @@ int dram_init_banksize(void)
 	return fdtdec_setup_memory_banksize();
+ulong board_get_usable_ram_top(ulong total_size)
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+	/*
+	 * Ensure that we run from first 4GB so that all
+	 * addresses used by U-Boot are 32bit addresses.
+	 *
+	 * This in-turn ensures that 32bit DMA capable
+	 * devices work fine because DMA mapping APIs will
+	 * provide 32bit DMA addresses only.
+	 */
+	if (gd->ram_top > SZ_4G)
+		return SZ_4G;
+	return gd->ram_top;

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